French statesman and military leader who led many successful campaigns during the French Revolution and the French Revolutionary Wars, and was Emperor of the French from 1804 until 1814 and again briefly in 1815 during the Hundred Days.
Napoleon dominated European and global affairs for more than a decade while leading France against a series of coalitions during the Napoleonic Wars. He won many of these wars and a vast majority of his battles, building a large empire that ruled over much of continental Europe.
In February 1815 the Allies defeated him at the Battle of Waterloo in June. The British government selected Saint Helena as the place of detention for Napoleon Bonaparte. He was taken to the island in October 1815.
Napoleon stayed at the Briars Pavilion on the grounds of the Balcombe family’s home until his permanent residence at Longwood House was completed in December 1815. Napoleon died there on 5 May 1821.
It was the location of Napoleon’s second exile from 1815 until his death. France owns Briars Pavilion, Napoleon’s initial exile residence, Longwood House and its properties, where he lived during most of his time on the island, and his original grave, but the United Kingdom retains ultimate sovereignty over these properties.