The residence area, embodies buildings such as the old houses, the Mao Zedong Memorial Hall, the Bronze Statue of Mao Zedong, the Cultural relics Exhibition Hall, and the Dishui Hole.
In 1893, Mao Zedong was born here, and he lived here about 17 years before leaving for his studies. He returned home in 1912 to mobilize his relatives to join the revolution, and he again returned home in 1925 and 1927. Having led the Peasant Movement in Guangzhou, he sought to start a similar movement in Hunan.
The house was destroyed by the government in 1929, but in 1950, the newly triumphant Communist government rebuilt the house.