The island is located about one kilometer off the country’s northwestern coast, at the mouth of the Couesnon River near Avranches. The total surface of the commune is 988 acres. As of 2015, the island has a population of 33.

Le Mont-Saint-Michel is a tidal island and mainland commune in Normandy, France / Image: memolands.com

A rocky tidal island, the Mont occupied dry land in prehistoric times. As sea levels rose, erosion reshaped the coastal landscape, and several outcrops of granite emerged in the bay, having resisted the wear and tear of the ocean better than the surrounding rocks.

Mont-Saint-Michel consists of leucogranite which solidified from an underground intrusion of molten magma about 525 million years ago, during the Cambrian period, as one of the younger parts of the Mancellian granitic batholith.

The Mont has a circumference of about 960 meters and its highest point is 92 meters above sea level. The tides vary greatly, at roughly 14 meters between highest and lowest water marks.

Before the construction of the first monastic establishment in the 8th century, the island was called Mont Tombe. According to a legend, the archangel Michael appeared in 708 to Aubert of Avranches, the bishop of Avranches, and instructed him to build a church on the rocky islet.

Inside the walls of Mont Saint-Michel / Image: memolands.com

In the 11th century, William of Volpiano, the Italian architect who had built Fécamp Abbey in Normandy, was chosen by Richard II, Duke of Normandy, to be the building contractor. He designed the Romanesque church of the abbey, daringly placing the transept crossing at the top of the mount.

Many underground crypts and chapels had to be built to compensate for this weight; these formed the basis for the supportive upward structure that can be seen today. Today Mont Saint-Michel is seen as a building of Romanesque architecture.

Robert de Thorigny, a great supporter of Henry II of England, reinforced the structure of the buildings and built the main façade of the church in the 12th century.

Charles VI is credited with adding major fortifications to the abbey-mount, building towers, successive courtyards, and strengthening the ramparts.

Le Mont-Saint-Michel belongs to the Organization of World Heritage Cities / Image: memolands.com

Latest Posts

OAO 2 Stargazer – The first successful space telescope in Earth orbit

The Orbiting Astronomical Observatory 2, launched on December 7, 1968. An Atlas-Centaur rocket launched it…

International UFO Museum and Research Center – The location of the UFO history in Roswell

Museum is focused largely on the Roswell Crash and later supposed UFO incidents. It was…

Sólheimasandur Crash – The Abandoned plane wreckage in Sólheimasandur

The remains of the aircraft which crashed in 1973 have remained relatively intact, leading to…

Cube houses – The set of innovative houses in Rotterdam

The houses built in Rotterdam and Helmond in the Netherlands, designed by architect Piet Blom.…

Paris of China – The replica of the French capital in Tianducheng

Spread over 31 square kilometers, this luxurious housing estate, opened in 2007, was modeled after…

Bishop Castle – The elaborate and intricate castle in Rye

The “castle” is located in the San Isabel National Forest, southwest of Pueblo, Colorado. Bishop…

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Contact Us