The Raphus cucullatus was endemic to the island of Mauritius, east of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean. Subfossil remains show the dodo was about 1 meter tall and may have weighed 15 kg. It has been depicted with brownish-grey plumage, yellow feet, a tuft of tail feathers, a grey, naked head, and a black, yellow, and green beak.
The first recorded mention of the Dodo was by Dutch sailors in 1598. The extinction of the Dodo within less than a century of its discovery called attention to the previously unrecognized problem of human involvement in the disappearance of entire species.
Dodo skeleton cast and model based on modern research, at Oxford University Museum of Natural History.