The Raphus cucullatus is an extinct flightless bird that was endemic to the island of Mauritius, east of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean.
Subfossil remains show the dodo was about 1 meter tall and may have weighed 15 kg. It has been depicted with brownish-grey plumage, yellow feet, a tuft of tail feathers, a grey, naked head, and a black, yellow, and green beak.
The first recorded mention of the Dodo was by Dutch sailors in 1598.
The extinction of the Dodo within less than a century of its discovery called attention to the previously unrecognized problem of human involvement in the disappearance of entire species.