Italian explorer was born before 31 October 1451 in the territory of the Republic of Genoa. Columbus completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean that opened the New World for conquest and permanent European colonization of the Americas. His expeditions, sponsored by the Catholic Monarchs of Spain, were the first European contact with the Caribbean, Central America, and South America.
On May 1506, Columbus died in Valladolid, Spain. His remains were first interred at Valladolid, then at the monastery of La Cartuja in Seville. In 1542, the remains were transferred to Colonial Santo Domingo, in the present-day Dominican Republic. In 1795, Columbus’s remains were moved to Havana, Cuba. After Cuba became independent following the Spanish–American War in 1898, the remains were moved back to Spain, to the Cathedral of Seville.