The memorial honoring soldiers killed during the Latvian War of Independence (1918–1920). It is considered an important symbol of the freedom, independence, and sovereignty of Latvia.
Unveiled in 1935, the 42 meters high monument of granite, travertine, and copper. The sculptures and bas-reliefs of the monument, arranged in thirteen groups, depict Latvian culture and history. The monument bearing the copper figure of Liberty lifting three gilded stars.
Latvia was annexed by the Soviet Union and the Freedom Monument was considered for demolition, but no such move was carried out. Soviet sculptor Vera Mukhina is sometimes credited for rescuing the monument , because she considered it to be of high artistic value.