The last Emperor of Russia, ruling from 1 November 1894 until his forced abdication on 15 March 1917. In 1914, Russia was drawn into World War I, but was unprepared for the scale and magnitude of the fighting. Russia had the largest number of deaths in the war- over 1.8 million military deaths, and about 1.5 million civilian deaths.
The war eroded whatever semblance of control Nicholas still had over the country. Without men at home to farm, the food system collapsed, the transportation system fell apart, and the people began to riot.
In November 1917, Bolshevik revolutionaries led by Vladimir Lenin took over the government. Nicholas tried to convince the British and then the French to give him asylum, but both countries refused, and the Romanovs found themselves in the hands of the newly formed revolutionary government.
The family that had once lived in a regal home now camped out in the Ipatiev House in Yekaterinburg. According of the chief executioner Yurovsky, in the early hours of 17 July 1918, the executioners drew handguns and began shooting Nicholas was the first to die. Anastasia, Tatiana, Olga, and Maria first they were stabbed with bayonets and then shot at close range in their heads.