Rudolf Höss – The Death dealer hanged in Auschwitz

Rudolf Höss – The Death dealer hanged in Auschwitz

In the last days of the war, Himmler advised Höss to disguise himself among Kriegsmarine personnel. He evaded arrest for nearly a year. When arrested on 11 March 1946 in Gottrupel, Germany, he was disguised as a gardener and called himself Franz Lang. His wife had revealed his whereabouts to protect her son, Klaus, who was being “badly beaten” by British soldiers.

Rudolf Höss was the longest-serving commandant of Auschwitz concentration and extermination camp / Image: Auschwitz Study Group member Marek Ksiezarczyk

Rudolf Höss testified at the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg on 15 April 1946, where he gave a detailed accounting of his crimes. He was called as a defense witness by Ernst Kaltenbrunner’s lawyer, Dr. Kauffman.

His trial lasted from 11 to 29 March 1947. Höss was sentenced to death by hanging on 2 April 1947. The sentence was carried out on 16 April next to the crematorium of the former Auschwitz I concentration camp. He was hanged on a short-drop gallows constructed specifically for that purpose, at the location of the camp’s Gestapo.

The location where Rudolf Höss was hanged / Image:
Rudolf Höss tested and implemented means to accelerate Hitler’s plan to systematically exterminate the Jewish population of Nazi-occupied Europe, known as the Final Solution / Image:

Featured Image: Rudolf Höss on the gallows, before his execution / Image: Andrzej Gass



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