Cité de Carcassonne – The fortified medieval city in Carcassonne

Cité de Carcassonne – The fortified medieval city in Carcassonne

Founded during the Gallo-Roman period, the citadel derives its reputation from its 3 kilometres long double surrounding walls interspersed by 52 towers. Carcassonne is located in the plain of the Aude between historic trade routes, linking the Atlantic to the Mediterranean Sea and the Massif Central to the Pyrénées.

The fortified hilltop town of Carcassonne in southern France was built in Gallo-Roman times / Image: Julian Finney/Getty Images Europe/Getty Images

The citadel, known as the Cité de Carcassonne, is a medieval fortress dating back to the Gallo-Roman period and restored by the theorist and architect Eugène Viollet-le-Duc in 1853. The town has about 2,500 years of history and has been occupied by Romans, Visigoths, and Crusaders.

At the beginning of its history it was a Gaulish settlement then in the 3rd century A.D., the Romans decided to transform it into a fortified town. In the 5rd century A.D, it was taken over by the Visigoths, who founded the city. Its strategic location led successive rulers to expand its fortifications until the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659.

Carcassonne was the first fortress to use hoardings in times of siege / Image: © MATTES Rene

Featured Image: Cité de Carcassonne / Image: via


Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.