The International Solvay Institutes for Physics and Chemistry, located in Brussels, were founded by the Belgian industrialist Ernest Solvay in 1912, following the historic invitation-only 1911 Conseil Solvay, considered a turning point in the world of physics.
Following the initial success of 1911, the Solvay Conferences have been devoted to outstanding preeminent open problems in both physics and chemistry. The most famous conference was the Fifth Solvay Conference on Electrons and Photons held from 24 to 29 October 1927, where the world’s most notable physicists met to discuss the newly formulated quantum theory. The leading figures were Albert Einstein and Niels Bohr. 17 of the 29 attendees were or became Nobel Prize winners, including Marie Curie, who alone among them, had won Nobel Prizes in two separate scientific disciplines.
Featured Image: Former Institute of Physiology, venue of the Fifth Solvay Conference in 1927, now the Lycée Émile Jacqmain / Image: via laymanslondon.com