Situated on Komsomolskaya Square, Moscow Yaroslavskaya has the highest passenger throughput of all nine of the capital’s main-line terminuses. It serves eastern destinations, including those in the Russian Far East, being the western terminus of the world’s longest railway line, the Trans-Siberian. The station takes its name from that of the ancient city of Yaroslavl which, lying 284 rail kilometers north-east of Moscow, is the first large city served by the line.
The early history of Yaroslavsky railway station is mainly linked to the construction of a number of railway lines in the north of the European part of Russia. These routes, emerged in the second half of the 19th century, during a railway construction boom in the Russian Tsarist Empire.