The mosque was constructed between 1996 and 2007. It was designed by Syrian architect Yousef Abdelky, covering an area of more than 30 acres. There are four minarets on the four corners of the courtyard which rise about 107 meter in height. The main axis of the building is rotated about 11° south of true west, aligning it in the direction of the Kaaba in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
The project was launched by the late president of the United Arab Emirates, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, who wanted to establish a structure that would unite the cultural diversity of the Islamic world with the historical and modern values of architecture and art.
Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque Center serves as a center of learning and discovery through its educational cultural activities and visitor programs. The library, located in the northeast minaret, serves the community with classic books and publications.