The King of the Franks from 768, the King of the Lombards from 774, and the Emperor of the Romans from 800. During the Early Middle Ages, he united the majority of western and central Europe. He was the first recognized emperor to rule from western Europe since the fall of the Western Roman Empire three centuries earlier.
Charlemagne died in 814 and was laid to rest in Aachen Cathedral in his imperial capital city of Aachen. The Shrine of Charlemagne was completed at the command of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor. Previously, Charlemagne’s remains had been in the Palatine Chapel part of the cathedral until 1165, when Frederick Barbarossa placed the remains in a sarcophagus beneath the floor of the cathedral. Frederick II personally carried out the transfer of the bones and the sealing of the shrine on 27 July 1215.