The King Carol I of Romania commissioned the construction of a royal hunting preserve and summer retreat, and the foundation was laid for Peleș Castle on August 1873.
German architect Johannes Schultz won the project by presenting a more original plan, something that appealed to the King’s taste. A grand palatial alpine castle combining different features of classic European styles.
Works were also led by architect Carol Benesch. Later additions were made between 1893 and 1914 by the Czech architect Karel Liman, who designed the towers, including the main central tower, which is 66 meters in height. Its architectural style is a romantically inspired blend Neo-Renaissance and Gothic Revival. Interior decoration is mostly Baroque influenced, with heavy carved woods and exquisite fabrics. The castle has a 3,200-square-metre floor plan with over 170 rooms, many with dedicated themes from world cultures.
Peleș Castle had its official Royal Ball of Inauguration on October 1883. King Carol I and Queen Elizabeth (Elisabeth of Wied) lived in Foişor Villa during construction. After King Michael I’s forced abdication in 1947, the Communist regime seized all royal property, including the Peleș Estate. The castle was declared a museum in 1953. Nicolae Ceaușescu closed the entire estate between 1975 and 1990. After the December 1989 Revolution, Peleş Castle were re-established as heritage sites and opened to the public.