An exceptionally grand passage tomb built during the Neolithic period, around 3200 BC, making it older than Stonehenge and the Egyptian pyramids.

View of Newgrange’s elevation / Image source

The site consists of a large circular mound with an inner stone passageway and chambers. Human bones and possible grave goods or votive offerings were found in these chambers. The mound has a retaining wall at the front, made mostly of white quartz cobblestones, and it is ringed by engraved kerbstones. Many of the larger stones of Newgrange are covered in megalithic art. The mound is also ringed by a stone circle. Newgrange consists of approximately 200,000 tones of rock and other materials. It is 85 meters wide at its widest point.

The site believed that it had religious significance. Its entrance is aligned with the rising sun on the winter solstice. Several other passage tombs in Ireland are aligned with solstices and equinoxes.

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