A theologian, who led the Iranian cultural renaissance in the 17th century. He was born in 1572 at the time of Safavid dynasty. Though not its founder, he is considered the master of the Illuminationist school of Philosophy, a seminal figure who synthesized the many tracts of the Islamic Golden Age philosophies into what he called the Transcendent Theosophy.
Mulla Sadra is arguably the single most important and influential philosopher in the Muslim world in the last four hundred years.
After he had finished his studies, Sadra began to explore unorthodox doctrines and as a result was both condemned and excommunicated by some Shi’i ʿulamāʾ. He then retired for a lengthy period of time to a village named Kahak, near Qom, where he engaged in contemplative exercises.
The historical house in Qom, has a domical roof and colored glasses let the light come in. There are also four corridors in different sides of the house. The decorations of the building include plastering and plastery grids.