Apollo 1 – Τhe site of a mission that never flew to Cape Canaveral

Apollo 1 – Τhe site of a mission that never flew to Cape Canaveral

The first crewed mission of the United States Apollo program, the undertaking to land the first humans on the Moon. Planned as the first low Earth orbital test of the Apollo, to launch on February 21, 1967.

The mission never flew, a cabin fire during a launch rehearsal test at Cape Kennedy Air Force Station Launch Complex 34 on January 27 killed all three crew members—Command Pilot Virgil I. “Gus” Grissom, Senior Pilot Ed White, and Pilot Roger B. Chaffee.

Launch Complex 34 / Image: NASA
Dismantled Launch Complex 34, Apollo 1 launch site / Image: via afspacemuseum.org

The ignition source of the fire was determined to be electrical, and the fire spread rapidly due to combustible nylon material, and the high pressure, pure oxygen cabin atmosphere. Rescue was prevented by the plug door hatch, which could not be opened against the internal pressure of the cabin.

The name Apollo 1, chosen by the crew, was made official by NASA in their honor after the fire.

Astronauts Gus Grissom, Ed White, and Roger Chaffee, pose in front of Launch Complex 34 which is housing their Saturn 1 launch vehicle. The astronauts died ten days later in a fire on the launch pad / Image: NASA, via Wikipedia

Featured Image: The Remains Of NASA’s Launch Complex 34 / Image: via outerplaces.com

Websites: history.nasa.gov, nasa.gov


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