Spanish surrealist artist renowned for his technical skill, precise draftsmanship and the striking and bizarre images in his work. Born in Figueres, Catalonia, Dalí received his formal education in fine arts at Madrid.
In the 1920s, he went to Paris and began interacting with artists such as Pablo Picasso, René Magritte and Miró, which led to Dalí’s first surrealist phase. His best-known work, The Persistence of Memory, was completed in August 1931, and is one of the most famous surrealist paintings.
The rise of fascist leader Francisco Franco in Spain led to the artist’s expulsion from the surrealist movement, but that didn’t stop him from painting. Dalí artistic repertoire included painting, graphic arts, film, sculpture, design and photography, at times in collaboration with other artists.
In November 1988, Dalí entered hospital. On the morning of 23 January 1989, died of heart failure at the age of 84. He is buried in the crypt below the stage of his Theatre-Museum in Figueres. The location is across the street from the church of Sant Pere, where he had his baptism, first communion, and funeral, and is only 450 meters from the house where he was born.