One of the first museums established in Greenland, inaugurated on August 23rd 1966. It is based in a warehouse which was built in 1936. The museum has many artefacts related to archaeology, history, art, and handicrafts and also has information about ruins, buildings etc. The museum also houses a display on social change in the 1950s and one on geology.
A major display in the museum contains the Qilakitsoq mummies. The mummies consist of three women and a six-month-old child, half of the mummies found at Qilakitsoq.
The first legislation on museums in Greenland was passed on January 1st 1981, and the first legislation on archives on November 1st 1982. The National Museum and National Archives were separate, independent institutions until they joined forces on January 1st 1991 under the name Greenland National Museum & Archives.