A fictional superhero, first appeared in American comic books published by DC Comics. The character was created by writer Jerry Siegel (1914 – 1996) and artist Joe Shuster (1914 – 1992).
Siegel and Shuster met in 1932 while attending Glenville High School and bonded over their admiration of fiction. Siegel aspired to become a writer and Shuster aspired to become an illustrator. Siegel wrote amateur science fiction stories, which he self-published, and his friend Shuster often provided illustrations for his work.
In the summer of 1935, the two friends and creators began selling comic-book stories to National Allied Publications, the primary precursor of DC Comics, in New York.
Siegel and Shuster had been developing the Superman story and character since 1933, hoping to sell it as a syndicated newspaper comic-strip. But after years of fruitless soliciting to the syndicates, agreed to publish Superman in a comic book. In March 1938, they sold all rights to Superman to the comic-book publisher Detective Comics, Inc., another forerunner of DC.
DC Comics now owned the character and reaped the royalties. Nevertheless, retained Siegel and Shuster as the principal writer and artist for the Superman comics. Superman first appeared in the comic book Action Comics #1(1938). has since gone on to become one of the most recognized fictional characters of modern times.