A French satirical weekly magazine, featuring cartoons, reports, polemics, and jokes. The publication has been described as anti-racist, skeptical, secular, and radical. Charlie Hebdo first appeared in 1970 as a companion to the monthly Hara-Kiri magazine, after a previous title was banned for mocking the death of former French president Charles de Gaulle.
The magazine has been the target of three terrorist attacks: in 2011, 2015, and 2020. In the second of these attacks, 12 people were killed, including publishing director and several other prominent cartoonists.
On 7 January 2015, two Islamist gunmen forced their way into the Paris headquarters of Charlie Hebdo and opened fire, killing staff cartoonists: Charb, Cabu, Honoré, Tignous and Wolinski, economist Bernard Maris, editors Elsa Cayat and Mustapha Ourrad, guest Michel Renaud, maintenance worker Frédéric Boisseau and police officers Brinsolaro and Merabet, and they seriously injure the designer Riss, the journalists Philippe Lançon and Fabrice Nicolino, as well as the webmaster Simon Fieschi.