A British – French turbojet-powered passenger airliner that was operated until 2003. It had a maximum speed over twice the speed of sound, at Mach 2.04 (2,180 km/h), with seating to 125 passengers.
Construction of the first prototype began in February 1965, built by Aérospatiale at Toulouse. Concorde 001 F-WTSS made its first test flight from Toulouse on 2 March 1969, piloted by André Turcat. For the next few months the aircraft would be used to test and validate the design principles of Concorde’s performance and handling. Twenty aircraft were built, including six prototypes and development aircraft. Air France and British Airways were the only airlines to purchase and fly Concorde.
The supersonic airliner, Concorde 001 prototype, is now in the French Aviation Museum in Paris-Le Bourget.