The capital and the most important military, religious and political center of the Dacians before the wars with the Roman Empire from the 2nd century AD. Erected on top of a 1200 meters high mountain, the fortress, comprising six citadels, was the core of a strategic defensive system in the Orăştie Mountains.

Sarmizegetusa Regia contained a citadel and residential areas with dwellings and workshops as well as a sacred zone. Distinct structures were discovered during the archaeological works.

Sarmizegetusa Regia, the great circular sanctuary / Image source

The fortress, a quadrilateral formed by massive stone blocks, was constructed on five terraces. The sacred zone — among the most important and largest circular and rectangular Dacian sanctuaries – includes a number of rectangular temples, the bases of their supporting columns still visible in regular arrays. The most enigmatic construction at the site is the large circular sanctuary. It consisted of a setting of timber posts, surrounded by a timber circle which in turn was surrounded by a low stone kerb.

An artifact referred to as the “Andesite Sun” seems to have been used as a sundial and may have resulted from the Dacians’ exposure to Hellenistic learning in geometry and astronomy.

The artifacts brought to light – water supply systems, ceramics, thousands of iron objects – indicate the life of a flourishing ancient city.


                                          Sarmizegetusa Regia Flight Birds

                                                                       Featured Image: Sarmizegetusa Regia, ruins of Dacian temples

                                                                                             Websites: cetateasarmizegetusa.ro



Latest Posts

José Martí – The birthplace of the national hero in Havana

Cuban poet, philosopher, essayist, journalist, translator, professor, and publisher, he was an important figure in…

The Cure – The recording of the debut studio album in London

English rock band formed in Crawley, West Sussex, in 1978. The band members have changed…

Hugo · Zola · Dumas – The famous novelists together at the Panthéon in Paris

  Interment in the crypt of the monument is severely restricted and is allowed only…

Iron Maiden – The birthplace of the great British heavy metal band in London

Steve Harris joined a band, initially known as Influence and later Gypsy’s Kiss. After a…

Parthenon – The symbol of ancient Greece and one of the world’s greatest cultural monuments in Athens

The greatest sanctuary of ancient Athens, dedicated primarily to its patron, the goddess Athena, dominates…

Adiyogi Shiva statue – The form of the first yogi Lord Shiva in Coimbatore

Recognized by the Guinness World Records as the “Largest Bust Sculpture” in the world. The…

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Contact Us