Construction began in 1991, and the tower was completed in 1994. Its principal designers were Jiang Huan Chen, Lin Benlin, and Zhang Xiulin. Its location at the tip of Lujiazui in the Pudong New Area by the side of Huangpu River, makes it a distinct landmark in the area.
The tower features 11 spheres, big and small. The two largest spheres, along the length of the tower, have diameters of 50 meters for the lower and 45 meters for the upper. They are linked by three columns, each 9 meters in diameter. The highest sphere is 14 meters in diameter.
The entire tower is supported by three enormous columns that start underground and has fifteen observatory levels.