The first of two robotic lunar rovers landed on the Moon by the Soviet Union as part of its Lunokhod program. The Luna 17 spacecraft carried Lunokhod 1 to the Moon in 1970. It was the first remote-controlled robot “rover” to freely move across the surface of an astronomical object beyond the Earth.

The Soviet rover Lunokhod 0 was intended to be the first roving remote-controlled robot on the Moon, but crashed during a failed start of the launcher 19 February 1969.

Replica of the moon rover Lunokhod 1 at Memorial Museum of Astronautics in Moscow / Image source

The lunar vehicle with eight independent wheels was 2.3 meters long. Lunokhod 1 was equipped with a cone-shaped antenna, a highly directional helical antenna, four television cameras, and special extendable devices to test the lunar soil for soil density and mechanical properties.

Lunokhod 1 operated on the lunar surface for eleven lunar days (321 Earth days) and traversed a total distance of 10.54 km. Controllers finished the last communications session with Lunokhod 1 on September 14, 1971. Attempts to re-establish contact were finally discontinued and the operations of Lunokhod 1 officially ceased on October 4, 1971.

Museum of Cosmonautics dedicated to space exploration / Image source

Latest Posts

St. Lawrence’s Church – The elegant catholic church in Macau

Built by the Jesuits in the mid-16th century, this is one of the three oldest…

University of Macau – The next stage of modern higher education in Macau

The genesis of the university dates from 1981 when its predecessor, the private University of…

Musée océanographique de Monaco – The museum of marine sciences in Monaco

The museum was inaugurated in 1910 by modernist reformer of Monaco and oceanographer, Prince Albert…

Circuit de Monaco – The most demanding track in Formula One racing in Monaco

A street circuit laid out on the city streets of Monte Carlo and La Condamine…

St. Peter’s Square – One of the world’s largest and most beautiful squares in the Vatican City

A large plaza located directly in front of St. Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican City,…

St. Peter’s Basilica – The world’s largest church in the Vatican City

Designed principally by Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno and Gian Lorenzo Bernini, St. Peter’s is…

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Contact Us