These are the largest known Inca ruins in Ecuador. Ingapirka is a Quichua word that means Wall of the Inca. The construction, made at the beginning of the 16th century, which is presumed to have been an observatory of the sun and the moon.
The Temple of the Sun, an elliptical shaped building, is the most significant building whose partial ruins survive at the archeological site. It is constructed in the Inca way without mortar, as are most of the structures in the complex.
The area played a major role in Inca military strategies, as a post and supply of troops north of Ecuador, but its most important goal was to be a place of worship and respect for the sun, the highest god.