Dover Castle – Τhe protector of England in Dover

It was founded in the 11th century and has been described as the “Key to England” due to its defensive significance throughout history.

Castle Hill was shaped into massive defenses capped by medieval walls and towers and later, from the mid 18th century, by the earthworks of a garrisoned infantry and artillery fortress / Image: memolands.com

This site may have been fortified with earthworks in the Iron Age or earlier, before the Romans invaded in AD 43. King Henry II began to build the present castle in the 1180s, and over the next 800 years its buildings, defenses and tunnels were adapted to meet the changing demands of warfare, right into the era of nuclear weapons.

Dover Castle commands the Strait of Dover, the shortest sea crossing between England and continental Europe, a position of strategic importance throughout history.

The church of St Mary, built next to the Roman lighthouse on the left, Henry II’s Great Tower in the center. Dover Castle, located in the southern county of Kent, is one of the largest castles in England / Image source

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