Is one of the largest and most important castles in Scotland. The castle is surrounded on three sides by steep cliffs, giving it a strong defensive position. Its strategic location, has made it an important fortification in the region from the earliest times.
Stirling Castle was first mentioned around 1110. Most of the principal buildings of the castle date from the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. A few structures remain from the fourteenth century, while the outer defenses fronting the town date from the early eighteenth century.
Before the union with England, Stirling Castle was also one of the most used of the many Scottish royal residences, very much a palace as well as a fortress. Several Scottish Kings and Queens have been crowned at Stirling.