In 1887, under the presidency of Bernardo Soto, the National Museum was created with the purpose of providing the country with a public establishment to deposit, classification of natural and cultural wealth. Construction of the building began for military use in 1917 and was completed after about a decade. In 1950 it officially opened as an exhibition place.
The Museo Nacional de Costa Rica provides information about the geology, archeology, pre-Columbian, religious, colonial and modern history of Costa Rica. Among other things, pre-Columbian stone tablets and ceramics are exhibited, as well as gold objects in the Sala de Oro and some of the stone balls from Costa Rica in the courtyard.