A series of military tribunals held following World War II by the Allied forces. The trials were most notable for the prosecution of prominent members of Nazi Germany, who planned, carried out, or otherwise participated in the Holocaust and other war crimes.
The first and best known of the trials was that of the major war criminals before the International Military Tribunal. Held between 20 November 1945 and 1 October 1946, the Tribunal was given the task of trying 24 of the most important political and military leaders of the Third Reich.
Nuremberg was considered the ceremonial birthplace of the Nazi Party. Thus it was considered a fitting place to mark the Party’s symbolic demise. The Palace of Justice was selected as the site for the trials because it was relatively undamaged by the war and included a large area of prisons.
The trials took place in courtroom number 600, situated in the eastern wing of the palace of Justice. The International Military Tribunal imposes the death sentence on 12 defendants. Three are sentenced to life imprisonment. Four receive prison terms ranging from 10 to 20 years and three other defendants are acquitted. The death sentences are carried out on October 16, 1946. The seven major war criminals sentenced to prison terms are remanded to the Spandau Prison in Berlin.