Baiterek Tower – The Mythical Tree in Nur-Sultan

A monument popular with foreign visitors and native Kazakhs, it is emblematic of the city, which became capital of the country in 1997. The tower is considered a symbol of post-independence Kazakhstan. The 105 meter tall structure rises from a wide flat base within a raised plaza. It consists of a narrow cylindrical shaft, surrounded by white […]

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Registan – The heart of the ancient city of the Timurid Empire in Samarkand

The name Rēgistan means “sandy place” or “desert” in Persian. The Registan was a public square, where people gathered to hear royal proclamations and a place of public executions. It is framed by three Islamic schools of distinctive Islamic architecture. The Ulugh Beg Madrasah (1417–1420), the Tilya-Kori Madrasah (1646–1660) and the Sher-Dor Madrasah (1619–1636). The Ulugh Beg […]

“We Are Our Mountains” in Khankendi

The sculpture, completed in 1967 by Sargis Baghdasaryan, is widely regarded as a symbol of the Armenian heritage of Nagorno-Karabakh. The monument is made from volcanic tufa and depicts an old man and woman hewn from rock, representing the mountain people of Karabakh. It is also known as “tatik-papik” in Armenian, which translates as “Grandma and Grandpa”. […]

The rock carvings and petroglyphs in Qobustan

More than 4,000 pictures of animals, humans, natural life experiences, hunting, and dancing were carved over a span of thousands of years. Qobustan State Reserve is very rich in archaeological monuments, the reserve has more than 6,000 rock carvings, which depict people, animals, battle-pieces, ritual dances, bullfights, boats with armed oarsmen, warriors with lances in their hands, […]

The Citadel of Herat

The Citadel of Alexander, and locally known as Qala Iktyaruddin, is located in the center of Herat in Afghanistan. It dates back to 330 BC, when Alexander the Great and his army arrived to what is now Afghanistan after the Battle of Gaugamela. The Citadel of Herat was saved from demolition in the 1950s, and was excavated […]

The world’s first Cosmodrome in Baikonur

The spaceport is located in the desert steppe of Baikonur, about 200 kilometres east of the Aral Sea and north of the river Syr Darya. It is near the Tyuratam railway station and is about 90 metres above sea level. Baikonur Cosmodrome is currently leased by the Kazakh Government to Russia until 2050, and is managed jointly […]