Doughty Street – The birthplace of Oliver Twist in London

The story centers on orphan Oliver Twist, born in a workhouse and sold into apprenticeship with an undertaker. After escaping, Oliver travels to London, where he meets the “Artful Dodger”, a member of a gang of juvenile pickpockets led by the elderly criminal Fagin. Dickens satirizes the hypocrisies of his time, including child labor, the recruitment of […]


Nicolae Ceaușescu – Final speech in Bucharest

The mass meeting of December 21, held in what is now Revolution Square, began like many of Ceaușescu’s speeches over the years. He spoke of the achievements of the “Socialist revolution” and Romania’s “multi-laterally developed Socialist society.” He also blamed the Timișoara riots on “fascist agitators who want to destroy socialism.” About two minutes into the speech, […]

The Barber of Seville – Rossini’s premiere in Rome

The premiere of Rossini’s opera took place on 20 February 1816 at the Teatro Argentina, Rome, with designs by Angelo Toselli. Rossini’s opera recounts the events of the first of the three plays by French playwright Pierre Beaumarchais that revolve around the clever and enterprising character named Figaro, the barber of the title. Rossini’s Barber has proven to […]

The oldest railway station in the world in Newton Aycliffe

The station lies on the route of the Stockton and Darlington Railway, the first public railway. The main line of the S&D was opened on 27 September 1825 from Phoenix Colliery at Etherley to Stockton, and this station was opened the same day, being originally named Aycliffe Lane. It was subsequently renamed three times, first to Aycliffe […]

The Gutenberg Bible in New York

The first substantial printed book in the West is the royal-folio two-volume Bible on display, comprising nearly 1,300 pages and printed in Mainz on the central Rhine by Johann Gutenberg in the 1450s. Completed between March and November 1455, when Gutenberg’s bankruptcy deprived him of his printing establishment, the Bible epitomizes Gutenberg’s triumph, arguably the greatest achievement […]

Apollo-Soyuz docking in Earth orbit

The Apollo-Soyuz Test Project would send NASA astronauts Tom Stafford, Deke Slayton and Vance Brand in an Apollo Command and Service Module to meet Russian cosmonauts Aleksey Leonov and Valeriy Kubasov in a Soyuz capsule. The Apollo-Soyuz Test Project was the first spaceflight to include two participating nations working together with their own national spacecraft. The Soyuz […]