Qala Iktyaruddin – The “reborn” citadel of Alexander the Great in Herat

It dates back to 330 BC, when the king of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and his army arrived to what is now Afghanistan after the

Citadelle de Belfort – The reputedly impregnable fortifications in Belfort

Built in 1687 according to plans by French military engineer Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban. It played an important role especially in 1870-71 during the siege of

Cité de Carcassonne – The fortified medieval city in Carcassonne

Founded during the Gallo-Roman period, the citadel derives its reputation from its three kilometers long double surrounding walls interspersed by 52 towers. Carcassonne is located in the

Sacsayhuamán – The citadel of the Inca Empire in Cusco

Kalaja e Krujës – The historic citadel in Krujë

The castle is the center of Skanderbeg’s rebellion against the Ottoman Empire. Inside the castle is the Teqe of Dollme of the Bektashi, the National Skanderbeg Museum,

The citadel of Arg-e – One of the world’s largest adobe buildings in Bam

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